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Ohio is a state in the Midwestern United States. It is the 34th-largest by area and the seventh-most populous, with a population of nearly 11.8 million. Ohio is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, West Virginia to the east, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the west. The state is bisected by the Ohio River, which forms the border with Kentucky.


The first people to live in what is now Ohio were the Paleoindians, who arrived in the area about 12,000 years ago. The Paleoindians were followed by the Archaic peoples, who lived in Ohio from about 8,000 to 1,000 years ago. The Archaic peoples were hunter-gatherers who lived in small, nomadic groups.

The first permanent settlements in Ohio were established by the Hopewell culture, which flourished from about 200 BC to AD 500. The Hopewell people were agriculturalists who built large earthworks, including mounds and enclosures.

After the Hopewell culture declined, Ohio was inhabited by a number of different Native American tribes, including the Shawnee, Miami, and Wyandot. These tribes were displaced by European settlers in the 1700s.

Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1, 1803. The state’s capital is Columbus, which is also the most populous city. Other major cities in Ohio include Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Toledo.


Ohio is a landlocked state, but it is bordered by two major waterways, the Ohio River and Lake Erie. The Ohio River forms the border with Kentucky, and Lake Erie forms the northern border with Pennsylvania and New York.

The terrain of Ohio is varied. The western part of the state is mostly flat, while the eastern part is hilly. The highest point in Ohio is Campbell Hill, which is located in the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern part of the state.

The climate of Ohio is humid continental. The summers are hot and humid, and the winters are cold and snowy.


Ohio is a major industrial state. The state’s economy is based on manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism.

The manufacturing sector in Ohio is diverse. The state is a major producer of automobiles, steel, and rubber products. Ohio is also a major center for the production of food products, machinery, and chemicals.

Agriculture is also an important part of Ohio’s economy. The state is a major producer of corn, soybeans, wheat, and dairy products.

Tourism is a growing sector in Ohio’s economy. The state is home to a number of popular tourist destinations, including Cedar Point amusement park, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame.


Ohio is a diverse state with a rich cultural heritage. The state is home to a number of different ethnic groups, including German, Irish, and Italian.

Ohio is also home to a number of colleges and universities, including Ohio State University, the University of Cincinnati, and Miami University. These institutions contribute to the state’s vibrant cultural scene.

Ohio is also home to a number of professional sports teams, including the Cleveland Browns, the Cincinnati Bengals, the Cleveland Cavaliers, the Cleveland Indians, and the Cincinnati Reds. These teams contribute to the state’s sense of community and identity.

Ohio is a diverse and vibrant state with a rich history and culture. The state is home to a number of different industries, and it is a major center for manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism. Ohio is also home to a number of colleges and universities, and it is a major center for professional sports.

Additional Information

  • Ohio is known as the “Buckeye State” because of the abundance of buckeye trees in the state.

  • The state motto of Ohio is “With God, All Things Are Possible.”

  • The official state song of Ohio is “Beautiful Ohio.”

  • The official state animal of Ohio is the white-tailed deer.

  • The official state flower of Ohio is the scarlet carnation.

  • The official state tree of Ohio is the buckeye tree.

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